Claudie Guadarrama | Before the Limit
Country of origin: Mexico
Project location: Mexico
Program: Inge Morath Award
“He who has seen hope, will never forget it. He seeks for it under every sky and among all men. And he dreams that one day he will find it again, He doesn’t know where maybe among his own kin. In each and every human being is the possibility to be or more accurate, to be again another man.” – Octavio Paz
Every day hundred of undocumented migrants mostly from Central American countries try to cross Mexico on a journey fraught with danger, risking their lives to fulfill the dream of a better life as workers in the United States. This journey through Mexico begins in Chiapas at the shared border between Mexico and Guatemala, where migration controls are minimal; being a very rough geographic zone where migrants can easily cross illegally. There are no official records about the number of people crossing the Mexican border illegally everyday; the only official data is the number of migrants detained by Mexican authorities and send back to their original country. This year, 96,013 illegal migrants were caught crossing the Chiapas border, 44.5% of the total amount of detention in the whole of the Mexican territory.
Impunity, corruption and violence abound across the border, and are something that the migrants have to endure, besides dealing with military, migrant and police authorities and the civil population in general that take advantage of their fragile situation to extort them, rob them and violently assault them. And if they manage to survive that, they still have to face the danger of the gangs that are spread out all along the border line that will kill or rape them if they catch them, not to mention the great deal of accidents along the way that will crash their hopes of fulfilling their dream.
This is one of the most critical stages of the journey to the United States. The harassment and extortion of migrants is a common thing they have to deal with. The consequences for crossing this border are inevitable, only a few of them can get through successfully. Survive, die or stay in one place.
The double speech of Mexican government, media and society in the migration issue is evident along the southern border demand that the US government respects the rights of the Mexican migrants crossing the U.S border, while abusing Central American immigrant’s civil rights. There is no official problem along the southern border.
My project presents photographs that describe and synthesize the journey and the circumstances of illegal migrants through this zone of the country; one of the most important pieces of my work in the border is the freight train that crosses Mexico. Its importance as the only means of free transportation to their final goal the northern border, whilst avoiding immigration police check points. The journey by freight train is dramatic and perilous. Illegal migrants either survive the journey or are mutilated in frequent accidents along the way.
Every year the member of migrants traveling to the United States has increased in number and the official policy of the Mexican government to deal with this phenomenon has merely created yet more ways of trafficking people, only increasing the price of corruption and the dangers of crossing Mexico. It would seem to act more as a filter to let only the strongest to survive this journey.
The memory of Mexico left in the minds of the illegal aliens fleeing the poverty of Central America is the repeated violation of their civil rights by the Mexican authorities and the xenophobic attitude of the society along the border.