Sima Diab - Toshka, Egypt. October 28, 2015. Men pack dried alfalfa wheat in Toshka, Egypt at the edge of the Sahara desert. Toshka is a long-standing government project, aiming at converting desert into agricultural land. Water degradation due to pesticide use and factory waste dumping are the main culprits in contaminating the Nile, and the government’s attempt at creating an infrastructure in the desert climate is proving to be highly energy and water consuming. The Nile, being the main water supply, uses 80% of its water for irrigation of agricultural lands, yet Egypt still imports half of its wheat; making the country at risk of becoming water scarce.
Ian Teh - Tonghua, Jilin Province, China. Winter 2006-2007. Workers from a nearby coal power station and steel plant return home. In the distance is a new cooling tower that has just been erected. Due to China’s rapid industrialization, the country is expected to add a 600-megawatt plant every 10 days for the next decade. China has been the biggest emitter of CO2 since 2007. Recently, it produced 7.2 tonnes per person in comparison to the EU’s 6.8 tonnes, whilst the US produced 16.5 tonnes per person. The United States, the European Union, China, the Russian Federation and Japan, together contributed to two-thirds of the world’s historic CO2 emissions from 1850 to 2011, according to the World Resources Institute.